Essays on the flq

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Essays on the flq

Essays on the flq

Whelan December 12th Canada has always been known as a peaceful country. Among other parts of the world consumed by riots, lawlessness and violence, Canada is seen Essays on the flq an oasis of democracy, freedom, and responsible government.

However during October ofit was made very clear that the potential for civil strife, terrorism, and even revolution exists in the true north strong and free. During this terrifying month, a terrorist group calling themselves the Front de Liberation du Quebec FLQ kidnapped British diplomat James Cross and provincial minister Pierre Laporte, and threatened to kill them unless a series of demands was met by the federal government.

Then-Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau refused to give in to the demands of terrorists, and responded by sending the armed forces to assist the Quebec police, and on October 16th,Pierre Trudeau addresses the nation, explained his position, and informed Canada that he had invoked the War Measures Act.

This move suspended the civil liberties outlined in the Bill of Rights and gave the police and army extraordinary power to pursue leads and arrest suspects.

October Crisis Essay - Sample Essays

A day after Trudeau made this announcement; Pierre Laporte was murdered by his captors. Hundreds of arrests were subsequently made, aimed at crippling the FLQ.

The Crisis ended when James Essays on the flq was released on December 3rd in return for safe passage to Cuba for the kidnappers. In invoking the WMA, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau took what was a necessary action to neutralize the incredible threat posed by the murderous and ruthless Front de Liberation du Quebec.

This foreboding title gives an indication of just how terrible and uncertain the FLQ crisis was. This kidnapping represented a major step up from previous FLQ activity, which had consisted mostly of symbolic bombings, such as the bombing of the James Wolfe statue.

The FLQ stated that if these demands were not met, James Cross, an innocent civilian, would be executed. Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa agreed that the response to these demands and the handling of the sitation would be negotiated by both the federal and provincial levels of government, in conjunction with one another.

This development was the more significant of the two kidnappings because it appeared to show that the FLQ was a very powerful organization with the infrastructure and ability to victimize anyone at any time.

Soon after, the army was invited by Quebec police to assist them in keeping the populace safe. Never before had the act been used in peacetime, and the strong action shocked some people.

Robert Wooster Stallman (essay date 1945)

However it was clear that after over two hundred bombings over a seven-year period[iv], and two high profile kidnappings in less than a week, the threat posed by the FLQ was great enough to warrant such strong action from the federal government.

These were comprised of somewhere between 5 and 8 members. These cells had no contact with one another, and thus acted independently. The result of this peculiar setup was that there was no centralized leadership, and therefore no way for law enforcement to neutralize the FLQ threat with anything other than a show of brute force that could arrest droves of members and permanently cripple the organization.

To do this the local police would have to identify and build a case against each target, which would take far too long to be effective. Local police also lacked the manpower to carry out such an operation.

Morris Wolfe | Essays | The October Crisis: Deference to Authority

Therefore the only way to end the FLQ threat and stop the kidnappings was to have the support of the armed forces and to suspend legislation that held police back. Such legislation included the need for warrants, and the inability of law enforcement to hold a suspect for an adequate time to build a case against the suspect.

Kidnapping was not the only technique the FLQ utilized to further their cause. Since the creation of the FLQ inthe organization had carried out bank robberies to finance their crimes, as well as bombings. At the time, the government believed the FLQ was in possession of a large amount of dynamite.

This later was revealed to be greatly exaggerated, but the Prime Minister and his decision cannot be held accountable for being provided with erroneous information, and this paper deals with the competency of Trudeau, not his intelligence officials.

In order to understand why the Federal government was forced to go to such drastic lengths to stop the FLQ, one must understand the FLQ, in particular their worldview and their motivation.

It is known as such due to the sweeping changes that occurred in Quebec during the time. Most of these changes were aimed at giving Quebec greater autonomy.The October Crisis was triggered by the abduction of government officials in Quebec, by FLQ members in October The War Measures Act (WMA) was a law that allowed the government to assume emergency powers in the event of “war, invasion or insurrection, real or apprehended” (Tetley, ).

Essay on FLQ Crisis Words 5 Pages On October 5, , British trade commissioner James Cross was kidnapped in his Westmount home by members of the terrorist group Front de liberation du Quebec. Essay on FLQ Crisis Words 5 Pages On October 5, , British trade commissioner James Cross was kidnapped in his Westmount home by members of the terrorist group Front de liberation du Quebec.

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FLQ Crisis Essays: Over , FLQ Crisis Essays, FLQ Crisis Term Papers, FLQ Crisis Research Paper, Book Reports. ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access In the end, the cold shoulder shown to the FLQ by both Trudeau and Levesque, despite their bitter differences, completely destroyed the FLQ.

By the time. The FLQ was a French separatist group which used violent terrorist tactics to fight for Quebec’s independence. Nevertheless, most Quebeckers felt hatred toward the FLQ and did not want to be associated with them.


Morris Wolfe | Essays | The October Crisis: Deference to Authority