On August 22Janet Reimer, a young housewife living in Winnipeg, Manitoba, gave birth to identical twins.
Seven months after their birth, the boys were diagnosed with a rare disorder called phimosis a foreskin that cannot be fully retracted. The doctor suggested they be circumcised. Tragically, one of the boys had his penis destroyed from the botched circumcision.
The parents decided to consult with a doctor at Johns Hopkins University who specialized in gender reassignment in children born with ambiguous genitalia.
John Money, a child could be raised as either gender as long as the process began before the age of two. Although his research was based entirely on children born with ambiguous genitalia, Dr.
Money claimed that it could apply to normal children as well. The parents decided to have the boy castrated and doctors performed constructive surgery to give their son a vagina. Bruce became known as Brenda. Hormone treatments were planned for when the child neared the age of puberty.
However, Brenda never really wanted to do the things girls were expected to do. She did not like dressing up, wearing make-up, or cleaning house.
She stomped on the dolls that David reimer essay given to her as presents. She had a difficult time making friends with other girls in school, who thought she was strange. Instead, Brenda preferred to play with her brother Brian and his friends.
She sat like a boy with her legs apart, urinated standing up, played army, and built forts with her brother. Brenda, then David Reimer. By the time Brenda reached puberty, she had become suicidal.
Although she had begun taking hormone treatments and had developed breasts, she still did not feel like a girl. In fact, she felt awkward and gained weight to try to conceal her breasts. She changed her name to David and resumed the identity of a man.
David had reconstructive surgery and took testosterone treatments.
He later married a woman and became a stepfather to her three children. However, the anguish of his childhood and feelings of inadequacy tormented him for the rest of his life. Both David and his brother suffered from clinical depression, an illness their mother suffered from as well.
Inshortly after his brother died from an overdose of anti-depressants, David committed suicide. The case of David Reimer brought attention to the long contested debate of whether nature or nurture influenced behaviors in boys and girls.
Money believed that gender identity and sexual orientation were determined completely by environment. Most of his work dealt with children who were born with both sex organs or genitalia ambiguity. David was the first genetically normal child to have gender reassignment.
What makes men and women behave differently? Researchers have determined that chromosomally, neurologically, and hormonally, men and women are different. Patterns indicate that boys are more likely to be left-handed, use the right side of their brains, perform better at spatial tasks, and are louder and more rambunctious when they play.
But not all boys are left handed and not all girls are sensitive and talk sooner than males. Nature is not perfect. Children are born with genitalia ambiguity and sometimes have confusion with gender identity.
Nevertheless, society has expectations for children based on gender.
As in the case with David, failure to conform to prescribed gender roles led to a life of ridicule and shame. In our society, gender is a very important social construct.
We typically have a binary gender system consisting of two roles only. Either you are a girl or a boy, masculine or feminine. There is no in-between. Although there are biological differences between men and women, socialization plays an important role in determining whether or not we will develop these abilities.
From the time we are born, our parents begin to treat us differently based on whether we are a boy or a girl.David reimer case study - Stop getting unsatisfactory grades with these custom essay advice experienced writers, quality services, instant delivery and other advantages can be found in our writing service Use from our inexpensive custom research paper writing service and .
More Essay Examples on Gender Rubric. There are several parties to blame for David Reimer’s lifetime of traumatic experience, however the man involved with the most audacity is Dr. Money. Discuss ethical considerations related to research studies at the biological level of analysis. Introduction.
State what you are doing in the essay. David Reimer was also psychologically harmed as he was not informed of his original gender until 15 years later where his whole family broke down psychologically.
Previously, “she” was so confused and was often teased about her questionable gender identity, which also impacted on her self-esteem. The two research studies that have ethical consideration issues are "David Reimer" (Money, ) and "Adrenaline and Emotion" (Schachter and Singer, ).
The first research study that faced ethical issues was the study of David Reimer, by Dr. John Money (). Download file "David Reimer Case" to see previous pages You may be born as a male or female.
Another important factor that should be noticed is that sexuality does not determine the gender of a person it is actually the gender that determines what kind of sexuality a person will have.