Write news copy in various broadcast formats following proper broadcast guidelines; 2. Participation is important and is part of your grade. Students are expected to have read the required chapters for each class session and be prepared to discuss its contents. A lack of preparation not only hurts your grade it also takes away from the quality of the in-class discussion and makes the learning experience less enjoyable for your classmates.
A new take on home movies: In written expression, the basic building block is the word. The video equivalent of a word is a camera shot. As you water your shrubs, the water continually flows while you wave the hose nozzle from side to side, up and down, concentrating the spray here and there, making sure the whole garden gets a good soaking.
If that shot were a written sentence, it would run on. Good writing is composed of well-chosen words, combined into thoughtful sentences and logically organized paragraphs. Good video follows a similar structure. Please review the list of shots and their definitions.
Shots Based on Camera Position: It might be the outside of a building or a landscape and is often the first scene in a project.
Long Shot LS — Shows the entire object or human figure and is usually intended to place it in some relation to its surroundings. It usually refers to a human figure from the waist or knees up.
It could also be a tight shot of an object that fills almost the entire frame. It might frame only a part of a human face an eye or the mouth or a detailed part of an object the petal of a flower. Over the Shoulder Shot — Framed so that the viewers have the perception that they are participating in the action by peering over the shoulder of the subject.
Used most often in interviews. Depth Shot — Creates depth in the scene by adding objects to the foreground, middle ground, and background. We see different levels of action to create a 3D effect.
Macro Shot — The camera is positioned very close to an object to show detail. You are not zooming in, but instead placing the camera very close to an object.
Shots Based on Subjects: One Shot — Shot of a single person, maybe an interviewer or guest. Usually a medium shot or tighter. Two Shot — Shot of two people, maybe talking to each other. Three Shot — A medium shot that contains three people. Shots Based on Camera Movement: Pan — A horizontal scan, movement, rotation or turning of the camera in one direction to the right or left around a fixed spot.
You are standing still but the camera is moving to capture an entire panoramic scene. You may have the camera mounted on a dolly, or you may be walking towards or away from the subject. Dollying Along Tracking — The camera is moving along beside the subject.
Head On — The action comes directly toward or at the camera. Tails Away — The action moves directly away from the camera.
Major Rules of Composition Rule of Thirds Imagine your screen divided into thirds, both horizontally and vertically. It looks kind of like a tic-tac-toe board. You should always place important elements at the intersection of those lines.
It is also much more interesting to place any horizon lines like skies, buildings or the shore of a lake on one of the horizontal lines. It gives the impression of a head floating in space. Lead Space or Nose Room The amount of space between your subject and the side of the frame as they move or look towards that edge of the frame.
In this shot, the subject is way too close to the right edge of the frame. It feels like he is going to run into the edge.
In this shot, the subject has plenty of room to walk towards the right edge of the frame. Watch the following videos that give you visual examples of the various shots and movements. Framing and Composition Overview.Try writing the story for print first, then for broadcast. If you are like many of my students, your first try at the broadcast story will simply look like the first several sentences of the print story.
Writing for broadcast, like all good writing, begins with thinking about your audience, and how information will affect that audience.
For example, your lede, story focus, and details about a bus driver strike in New York City will be different for an audience in Jeffersonville than for one in New York, so you will probably make different. Assignments Part 1. Assignments Part 2. Final grades will be based on the cumulative number of points earned on the assignments noted above.
Accumulated points will be divided by the total points available () to arrive at a percentage for the course.
This resource describes some steps you can take to better understand the requirements of your writing assignments. This resource works for either in-class, teacher-led discussion or for personal use. But that idea gets taken to a new level with it comes to writing copy for radio or television broadcasts.
Here are some tips for broadcast news writing. Assignments Part 1. Assingments Part 2. Final grades will be based on the cumulative number of points earned on the assignments noted above. Accumulated points will be divided by the total points available () to arrive at a percentage for the course.