Television[ edit ] For those born after World War IIthe emergence of television as a source of entertainment and information—as well as the associated massive expansion of consumerism afforded by post-war affluence and encouraged by TV advertising —were key components in creating disillusionment for some younger people and in the formulation of new social behaviours, even as ad agencies heavily courted the "hip" youth market. New cinema[ edit ] The breakdown of enforcement of the US Hays Code  concerning censorship in motion picture production, the use of new forms of artistic expression in European and Asian cinema, and the advent of modern production values heralded a new era of art-housepornographicand mainstream film production, distribution, and exhibition. The end of censorship resulted in a complete reformation of the western film industry.
Kerouac allows that it was street hustler Herbert Huncke who originally used the phrase "beat", in an earlier discussion with him.
The adjective "beat" could colloquially mean "tired" or "beaten down" within the African-American community of the period and had developed out of the image "beat to his socks",    but Kerouac appropriated the image and altered the meaning to include the connotations "upbeat", "beatific", and the musical association of being "on the beat", and "the Beat to keep" from the Beat Generation poem.
Jack Kerouac attended Columbia on a football scholarship. He was soon addicted to opiates. The Beats were drawn to Huncke, who later started to write himself, convinced that he possessed a vital worldly knowledge unavailable to them from their largely middle-class upbringings.
The police attempted to stop Ginsberg while he was driving with Huncke, his car filled with stolen items that Huncke planned to fence.
The Beat Generation. In American in the s, a new cultural and literary movement staked its claim on the nation’s consciousness. The Beat Generation was never a large movement in terms of sheer numbers, but in influence and cultural status they were more visible than any other competing aesthetic. THE BEAT GENERATION IN A SCHOLASTIC ANALYSIS - literary hipsters and subversive visionaries - focusing on the documenting of the beat movement especially in the U.S.A. and Europe. B: Together with the VHS – tape itself, the film anaytical structure and synopsis of the terms of countercultural and authentical movement . The s were a period when long‐held values and norms of behavior seemed to break down, particularly among the young. Many college‐age men and women became political activists and were the driving force behind the civil rights and antiwar movements.
Ginsberg crashed the car while trying to flee and escaped on foot, but left incriminating notebooks behind. He was given the option to plead insanity to avoid a jail term, and was committed for 90 days to Bellevue Hospitalwhere he met Carl Solomon.
A fan of Antonin Artaudhe indulged in self-consciously "crazy" behavior, like throwing potato salad at a college lecturer on Dadaism. Folksongs, readings and discussions often took place in Washington Square Park. He fell in love with Peter Orlovsky at the end of and began writing Howl.
When asked by Wally Hedrick  to organize the Six Gallery readingGinsberg wanted Rexroth to serve as master of ceremonies, in a sense to bridge generations.
Lamantia read poems of his late friend John Hoffman. At his first public reading Ginsberg performed the just finished first part of Howl. It was a success and the evening led to many more readings by the now locally famous Six Gallery poets.
Kerouac was impressed with Snyder and they were close for a number of years. Most Beats were urbanites and they found Snyder almost exotic, with his rural background and wilderness experience, as well as his education in cultural anthropology and Oriental languages.
Lawrence Ferlinghetti called him "the Thoreau of the Beat Generation. He would spend most of the next 10 years there. Gary Snyder studied anthropology there, Philip Whalen attended Reed, and Allen Ginsberg held multiple readings on the campus around and Carr had befriended freshman Allen Ginsberg and introduced him to Kammerer and Burroughs.
He then went to Kerouac, who helped him dispose of the weapon.
Kerouac was charged as an accessory, and Burroughs as a material witness, but neither was prosecuted. Kerouac wrote about this incident twice in his own works: Neal Cassady[ edit ] Neal Cassady was introduced to the group inproviding inspiration to several of the Beat authors[ citation needed ].
Cassady impressed the group with the free-flowing style of his letters, and Kerouac cited them as a key influence on his spontaneous prose style. Poet Elise Cowen took her own life in Later, female poets emerged who claimed to be strongly influenced by the Beats, including Janine Pommy Vega in the s, Patti Smith in the s, and Hedwig Gorski in the s.
Both works were unsuccessfully prosecuted for obscenity.
Victory by the publishers helped to curtail literary censorship in the United States. Edgar Allan Poe was occasionally acknowledged, and Ginsberg saw Emily Dickinson as having an influence on Beat poetry. As the legend goes, when meeting French Surrealist Marcel DuchampGinsberg kissed his shoe and Corso cut off his tie.The ExpositoR 80 Social Madness in Beat Generation Writing Megan Reynolds T he Beat Generation, an American literary movement that rose to popularity during the late s and continued into the s.
Cultural Movement: The Hippie Movement - By the early ’s, America experienced a cultural movement of seismic proportions; primarily within it’s youth. Appropriately deemed the counterculture, this social metamorphosis was based upon a transition from strict long-held American values to a widespread antiestablishment attitude.
Similar counter culture movements had occurred in Germany between and Known as Wandervogel (which translates roughly to “migratory bird”), the youth movement arose as a countercultural reaction to the urbanization that was occurring in Germany at the time.
The counterculture of the s refers to an anti-establishment cultural phenomenon that developed first in the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States (US) and then spread throughout much of the Western world between the mids and the mids, with London, New York City, and San Francisco being hotbeds of early countercultural .
• Hippies were the largest countercultural classification comprising mostly white members of the middle class. • The counterculture movement divided the country. • The movement died in the early s because most of their goals had become mainstream, and because of rising economic troubles.
The Beat Generation. In American in the s, a new cultural and literary movement staked its claim on the nation’s consciousness. The Beat Generation was never a large movement in terms of sheer numbers, but in influence and cultural status they were more visible than any other competing aesthetic.