In my opinion 1 is simply wrong. There is much more to be said for 2. However there are points to be made even about 2. The Protocol Before discussing the Protocol in detail I want to say that this is in my opinion an essentially academic discussion.
The Violence Interrupter Survey Data contains 53 records pertaining to completed surveys; Appendix D reports 52 violence interrupters surveyed. Regarding Shooting Incident Data Dataset 2: ICPSR has no further information regarding data for the police beats associated with this site.
The evaluation focused on program development and implementation i. Time Series Data Dataset 1: Crime data for the study were aggregated from a citywide database of 9. Incidents were geocoded into a consistent set of police beat boundaries to account for the fact that beat definitions changed twice during the time period under consideration.
Shooting Incident Data Dataset 2: Shooting Incidents were geocoded by the evaluation team to longitude and latitude coordinates. Staff Surveys Datasets 3 - 5: Separate questionnaires were developed for three classes of CeaseFire employees: The researchers attempted to retain a core of common questions that were relevant to most or all staff members, so their responses could be aggregated across groups in order to more accurately characterize the sites as a whole.
Questionnaire administration to employees was completed in two waves. The first wave of the survey was largely completed in small group settings. Members of the evaluation staff made pre-arranged visits to each site and distributed questionnaires to all outreach supervisors and outreach workers who gathered there.
On return visits they administered the survey to remaining members of the staff and occasionally left questionnaires to be completed and mailed in by absent staffers. Violence interrupters were largely surveyed during their weekly staff meeting. While individual respondents were anonymous, a roster of all CeaseFire employees was used to monitor which staff members were present during the group administrations, to ensure that all had an opportunity to participate in the study.
The first survey was conducted May-June In July-August the researchers re-surveyed the staff, to include those hired since the first round of questioning, both in the original sites and in new CeaseFire areas.
Collaborator Surveys Datasets 6 - The researchers drew a sample of potential collaborating organizations in each CeaseFire site and interviewed their representatives in each of six community "sectors. Interviews were conducted September through February However, the researchers also attempted to retain a core of common questions that were relevant to all or most collaborators so that their responses could be aggregated across sectors to more accurately characterize the sites as a whole.
Client Surveys Dataset CeaseFire clients were interviewed one-on-one, in a private area. To pilot the survey process, the Northwestern University research team completed interviews at the first site. MCIC conducted the interviews at the remaining sites.
Teams of two interviewers spent two or three weeks at each site, depending upon the size of the sample. The pilot survey began on April 5, The majority of the interviews took place during May, June, and July Aggregate data on shootings, gun murders, and persons shot were compiled by the research team for seven CeaseFire sites and comparison areas.
A total of 5 programs had months of pre and post data from January and Decemberwhile 2 programs West Humboldt Park and West Garfield Park closed in the summer ofand the shorter data series months for these 2 sites reflects this fact.
As a result, Dataset 1 is comprised of 1, observations. A goal of the study was to survey all outreach supervisors, outreach workers, and violence interrupters at all CeaseFire sites.
In July-August the researchers re-surveyed the staff, at original as well as new CeaseFire sites, in order to include those hired since the first round of surveys had been completed. The sample sizes were: These lists were subdivided into six sectors: The researchers asked the violence prevention coordinators at each site to identify their first and second most important collaborators within each sector.
Separately, the research staff ranked potential respondents as "high collaborators," "moderate collaborators" or "possible collaborators. Initially, samples of four respondents from each sector were released for each study site as the researchers began interviewing.
The two organizations that each site identified as their most important collaborators in each sector were included in the sample, along with randomly selected cases identified and ranked by the research team as either high or moderate collaborators.
Later, as it became apparent which potential respondents in a sector would successfully be interviewed, additional listings were released for interviewing to help the researchers meet their sector quotas. In larger organizations, and particularly in schools, the researchers sometimes had to ask informants to identify staff members knowledgeable about CeaseFire, because the specific individuals the researchers had identified as representatives of those organizations had changed agencies, moved to other locations, or retired.A ceasefire (or truce), also called cease fire, is a temporary stoppage of a war in which each side agrees with the other to suspend aggressive actions.
Ceasefires may be declared as part of a formal treaty, but they have also been called as part of an informal understanding between opposing forces. Analysis: Why Kashmir Matters. Pakistan continued its attack until , when a ceasefire was agreed to and today’s de facto border (known as the Line of Control) was established, with India.
Evaluation of CeaseFire, a Chicago-based Violence Prevention Program, (ICPSR ) Published: Feb 25, View help for published. Cite this Study | Share this study.
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Notes. Malin Åkebo is a researcher at the Department of Political Science, Umeå University. She is currently working on a postdoc project aiming to explore why some ceasefire agreements lead to comprehensive peace accords while others do not.
Åkebo is the author of Ceasefire Agreements and Peace Processes: A Comparative Study (Routledge, ). She is also one of the deputy directors of the Varieties of .
Evaluation of CeaseFire-Chicago by Wesley G. Skogan, Susan M. Hartnett, Natalie Bump and Jill Dubois Intervention Analysis of the CeaseFire Program Appendix B: Impact of CeaseFire on Geographical Crime Patterns activities influence at least some of the important causes of the targeted behavior An analysis of the importance of ceasefire Nov History and documents related to the Middle East and the Arab-Israel Conflict College thesis writing help from the an analysis of the laws of hammurabi turn of the century to the present day, including UN The proposed legislation for .